Andrew Thornett

Photographs of Moon 22/2/2019 – Meade Lightbridge 16″ Dobsonian Telescope, Samsung S7 Phone hand held, Lichfield

During my observing session last night, I took some photos of the Moon using my Samsung S7 phone hand held at the eyepiece through my Meade Lightbridge 16″ Dobsonian Telescope. I used my 6mm Ethos eyepiece. Photos underwent some small amount processing in GIMP2 using curves, de-speckle, noise reduction tool, and in some cases unsharp mask.

See also notes on my observing session with Sue, Chris and Rhys last night:

Observing Log 21-22/2/2019; Lichfield; Andrew & Rhys Thornett, Sue & Chris


Observing Log 21-22/2/2019; Lichfield; Andrew & Rhys Thornett, Sue & Chris

Observing Log 21-22/2/2019


Andrew & Rhys Thornett, Sue & Chris

See also photos of the Moon taken during this session:

Photographs of Moon 22/2/2019 – Meade Lightbridge 16″ Dobsonian Telescope, Samsung S7 Phone hand held, Lichfield

Orion Nebula, M 42, NGC 1976, LBN 974, Meade Lightbridge 16 inch with 20mm ES and UHC. Filter helps to improve view significantly. Tonight with Sue and Chris, new comers to astronomy, and my son Rhys Looks green in UHC, reflecting oxygen content.

Moon,301, A great chance to describe the formation. Craters on moon, impact vs. volcanic features, ghost craters, formation of mares.

M 35, NGC 2168, Next stop to show Sue and Chris an open cluster and explain this is what would have happened to our sun before it separated from its siblings.

Pinwheel Cluster, M 36, NGC 1960,Another open cluster for the duo to observe and admire. Lots of oos and arrs.

Bode’s Nebulae, Cigar Galaxy, Ursa Major A,M 82,NGC 3034,UGC 5322,PGC 28655,MCG 12-10-11,CGCG 333-8,Arp 337,IRAS 09517+6954, Chris managed to see this – well done to him he got averted vision the first time I told him how to use this technique.

Bode’s Nebulae, M 81,NGC 3031,UGC 5318,PGC 28630,MCG 12-10-10,CGCG 333-7,IRAS 09514+6918,2MASS 09553318+6903549, Sue had difficulty with the previous galaxy but was able to see this one. Well done to her – many folks can’t see galaxies first time they look through a telescope. Sue and Chris were awed by the idea that these galaxies were 12 million light years away and so the light we see left them 12 million years ago. The two galaxies were both nearly in Dobson’s hole – right nuisance for trying to get them in centre of eyepiece!

It is now 22:57 and my guests and Rhys have gone leaving me alone with the sixteen inch beastie and a rising virtually full Moon.

Whirlpool Galaxy, Lord Rosse’s Nebula, Question Mark, M 51,NGC 5194,UGC 8493,PGC 47404,MCG 8-25-12,CGCG 246-8,Arp 85,VV 403, Not much more than the condescend central nuclei of the two cores and very faint surrounding haze to see tonight.

M 108,NGC 3556,UGC 6225,PGC 34030,MCG 9-18-98,CGCG 267-48,CGCG 268-1,IRAS 11085+5556,Just seen VERY faint.

Owl Nebula, M 97,NGC 3587,ARO 25,PK 148+57.1,PN G148.4+57.0,VV 59,Not able to observe even after I added in UHC filter. However very humid tonight, with condensation over all equipment and sky not particularly clear plus bright Moon.

M 109,NGC 3992,UGC 6937,PGC 37617,MCG 9-20-44,CGCG 269-23,IRAS 11550+5339,IRAS 11549+5339,Failed to observe this.

Double Cluster, h Persei, NGC 869,C 14,The view with 20mm ES through the 16” not as awe inspiring as in the 10” Dobsonian in the past due to lack of contrast between object and background – the 16 inch has collected more of the background goo which is a shame – still the Double Cluster is a pretty sight.

Although background sky glow is amplified by large mirror, so is detail in objects and I can clearly see difference between denser Milky Way star clouds in this region and less dense areas reflecting what is seem on Sky Safari.

IC 1805, The Heart Nebula is in a less dense area of the Milky Way and this leads to a darker background and I found that I dropped quickly onto the central brightest knot in this brighter core of the Heart Nebula.

NGC 896,IC 1795,LBN 645,I also could find without difficulty the brightest part of this area of the Heart Nebula as well. Note only the brightest bit of each of these two regions was visible and other parts of the Heart and Soul Nebula were not visible tonight.

M 103, NGC 581, A smudge in the 20mm eyepiece.

Tr 1, Could not find/see this.

NGC 663, C 10, Several bright stars in easily identifiable pattern within cluster made this easy to spot tonight.

NGC 659, Got it eventually due to the brighter identifiable stars but for a usually easily found cluster it was more than usually difficult to observe tonight – not sure if this was due to light pollution or from bright Moonlight.

NGC 654, Faint smudge around bright ster – seen.

IC 1747, ARO 91,PK 130+01.1,PN G130.2+01.3,VV 7,I am very pleased with my observation of this magnitude 13 planetary nebula. It just goes to show that highly condensed objects can show through light pollution even if relatively dim. This one was just seen as a mildly out of focus star with 14 mm explore scientific eyepiece. When I increased the magnification using my 6 mm ethos eyepiece, the out of focus star became an obvious planetary nebula, although relatively faint. I could see it by direct vision. No filter was used for this observation. Another first tonight is that this is now the first note that I have written using the dictation feature in iPad/Sky Safari. It works well!

NGC 609,Could not see this….not surprising…11tn magnitude and no bright stars.

NGC 559, C 8, I thought I had found this but – no – on checking it with higher magnification eyepieces it turned out only to be some stars but no cluster. I’ve never seen this object before so I don’t exactly know what it looks like. I only have the picture that was shown on Sky Safari. That’s the thing with this Star hopping – I find that I don’t always find the objects that I’m looking for but I guess that’s part of the fun – it’s like fishing really.

Owl Cluster, Dragonfly Cluster, Kachina Doll Cluster, ET Cluster, NGC 457,C 13,Really not impressive tonight perhaps due humidity/big scope/observation really near top trees/moonlight?.

Moon, 301, I finished off by going back to the Moon and admiring the detail of craters using the 6mm Ethos. I was able to see vertical grooves in the central peak of one particular crater. In another crater, the detail in the peripheral walls was amazing but the centre of the crater was totally flat suggesting that was previously filled by a lava flow. Both of these and others were visible along the edge of the moon. I took some photographs of some of these craters using my Samsung S7 smart phone, hand held at the eyepiece. Not the best photographs in the world but good memories of tonight. I’ve enjoyed the evening even though the quality of the sky is poor. Even now, I can count only around 20 or so bright stars with my naked eye in the sky and I’m not able to see any faint stars without optical aid. However, there is something amazing about getting outside with my telescope. I find it peaceful, although I wish the noise of cars would go away in the middle of the night! It is also wonderful to have had a chance to introduce some new people to our hobby and to the wonders of the night sky. I’m sure that John Dobson would’ve been proud of me tonight!

Packed away now at 00:45. For the first time tonight, I’m going to leave my telescope outside until the morning. I’ll pack the rest of the stuff away but I think it will be safer to put the 16 inch way in the morning when the Sun is up and I can see what I’m doing. It rolls on casters but it does weigh 100 kg so if it were to fall over there’s nothing I can do to stop it.

It is also possible that the forecast for tomorrow might change in which case we could end up with another clear evening. Having the telescope already set up outside would then be helpful.


Spectroscopy of Moon, Capella and Sirius in Lichfield 18-19/2/2019 – Andrew Thornett & Nick Rufo – CCDSPEC slit-based spectroscope and Star Analyser spectroscopy grating

Last night was predicted to be clear all night. The Moon was bright, so it seemed to be a good opportunity to do something other than observing. Nick and I are both interested in spectroscopy so he bought around his Star Analyser on his camera and I took outside my Sky Watcher 120mm Equinox on EQ6 mount with CCDSPEC spectroscope. Of course, it did not turn out to be clear all night but nevertheless Nick and I were able to do some good work & enjoy ourselves……apart from when I dropped his camera lens on the floor – Andy strikes again – ahhh!

The Star Analyser has advantage of being quick to set up whereas the Equinox/EQ6/CCDSPEC was lot of faff to set up – Nick was photographing spectra well before me!

Successful procedure for aligning EQ6 mount/Sky Watcher Equinox 120mm telescope/CCDSPEC & taking spectra:

In fact, last night was a very positive experience for me because I got the procedure of taking spectra with tracking mount working properly for first time – hitherto my spectra have been on undriven Manfrotto mount with Sky Watcher Equinox 80mm.

Process that worked last night was:

  1. Balance EQ6 using heaviest eyepiece I have – 20mm Explore Scientific 100 degree eyepiece in 2″ diagonal – last night I also had finder scope for 120mm on scope and also Ed Mann’s wonderful powered and heated laser finder. I used 2 counterweights on the EQ6. Do NOT pull dew shield out during balance process.
  2. Perform 3 star alignment using the eyepiece. This is NOT easy to do with CCDSPEC eyepiece so use the heavy Explore Scientific 20mm eyepiece for the 3 star alignment. Need finder and laser to help with alignment.
  3. Exchange eyepiece for CCDSPEC. In CCDSPEC use illuminated reticule eyepiece – this has cross hairs that enclose the slit at centre helping to get stars on slit. Focus CCDSPEC using its eyepiece so star or Moon even better focused on slit – this involves racking focuser right out – hence why balance an issue as moment on the balance point of mount is changed – so need to use heavy eyepiece initially. Pulling dew shield out at this point helps with balance of scope as eyepiece exchanged for CCDSPEC.
  4. Slew to object of interest. Laser pointer and finder help if 3 star alignment not perfect.
  5. Use illuminated eyepiece to slew object onto slit as likely to be slightly off in field of view.
  6. Once object hits slit it will spread out from point light source into tiny spectrum.
  7. Take photo of spectrum using QHY6 camera on CCDSPEC and Nebulosity software – choose ASCOM camera in camera choice drop down list and then QHY6 camera in drop down menu that follows in Nebulosity from choosing ASCOM camera.
  8. Analyse spectrum in RSPEC.

Spectrum of the Moon:

The following is a photo of spectrum on Star Analyser showing the Moon to the left and its spectrum to the right taken by Nick with his Canon camera on undriven mount with Star Analyser grating. I love this photo – which can only be done with the Star Analyser – on the CCDSPEC you don’t see the Moon in the same shot!

In the following image, I have graphed the spectrum taken with CCDSPEC of the Moon last night against a reference solar spectrum (CCDSPEC pointed at cloudy sky in day) taken by myself 1/8/2018 (below). The spectrum of the Moon as taken by the QHY6 camera is shown on the left and a graph of this in RSPEC on the right, together with the reference solar spectrum. It shows that the lines on the spectrum from the Moon match those on the spectrum from the Sun – this is because the spectrum from the Moon is in fact the spectrum of reflected sunlight bouncing off the Moon which does little to alter it as it has no significant atmosphere.

Spectrum of Capella:

I was really pleased when I could slew the EQ6 to Capella and within two attempts get spectrum of this star. The laser pointer REALLY helped to compensate for problems in my poor 3-star alignment.

In the screenshot from RSPEC below, Capella’s spectrum is on the left as it comes out of the QHY6 and on the right this spectrum is graphed against the same solar spectrum as above. Some but not all of the lines match, showing that the two stars differ in composition.

Spectrum of Sirius:

Nick took a spectrum of Sirius using his Canon DSLR/Star Analyser/Canon kit lens:

Some lines are visible in centre of graph (dips) – to determine what these are we would need to calibrate the graph. Turned out calibrating the Star Analyser spectra requires a bit more work on the light used – my CCDSPEC slit easily uses just about any light with clear identifiable lines but we need to point or at least narrow light source for the Star Analyser which we did not have available tonight……a job for Nick to make himself one!

Calibrating the spectra:

I have not got around to doing this yet – but this process involves identifying lines with known wavelengths so that the pixel measurements above can be replaced with wavelengths.

To this end, I took a spectrum last night of a 12V Compact Fluorescent bulb using same set-up as above. For some reason the graph is the wrong way around and needs to be inverted left-right but I seem to be having difficulties getting RSPEC to do this on the data set for this spectrum, hence why I have not yet calibrated the above spectra!

I will be able to identify the lines using this graph below:

Observing Log 17/2/19

Observing Log 17/2/2019 @ 19:00-22:30.

Andrew Thornett



·       Orion 10 Dobsonian Telescope

·       Celestron NexYZ camera/telescope adapter

·       Explore Scientific 14mm eyepiece

·       Ethos 6mm eyepiece

·       Tele Vue Radian 12mm eyepiece

·       Tele Vue Nagler 7mm eyepiece

·       Samsung S7 phone

·       Tele Vue Paracorr coma corrector.

·       Tele Vue 2x Big Barlow


The great thing about ten-inch dob is it is easy to move around garden so I can avoid trees ton see different objects.

Today I have been sorting out my shed and thrown away a load of stuff to create space – mainly old radio gear (homemade antennae, old satellite dish, poles from trampolines, and the ilk) and it is amazing how much space I have created!

However, my back aches especially as I have also been swimming. Nevertheless, I must take the chances to observe, don’t I? In the UK, the sky does not clear on demand!

Tonight, I have also tried out my new USA Orion two-inch filter slide on the UK Orion 14-inch Dobsonian telescope. Unfortunately, I found that I could not get enough in-focus alone with the ES eyepieces but there was plenty of in-focus with the Tele Vue Big Barlow added in as well. However, that resulted in the 20mm ES effectively becoming a 10mm eyepiece, removing my finder eyepiece. I do have a 40mm eyepiece in the box and a 35mm one in another box, so I think those two need to be bought into action. The Paracorr gives a 15% Barlow effect but that did not give enough back focus for the filter slide.

Moon, Current Location 52º 41′ N 001º 49′ W,52.68523374, -1.810645505, Bright nearly full.

Excellent chance to try out new phone adapter. Better than hand-holding!

But would not fit around large ES and Ethos eyepieces so needed to change to Radian and Nagler eyepieces – I need to look at this in daylight to see if can open the jaws further and overcome the inward slope at the top of the bigger eyepieces which makes it difficult for the adapter to grip.

Still, I got some fine photos of the moon.

Orion Nebula, M 42, NGC 1976, LBN 974, Current Location 52º 41′ N 001º 49′ W,52.68523374, -1.810645505, Nice view although smaller as moon close by and wiped out some of fainter nebulosity. Unable to get photo with adapter as having to use eyepieces with too high a magnification so difficult to keep objects in view long enough to have time to centralise phone to centralise on Celestron NexYZ adapter. The adapter was too sloppy, and I need to look at it in the daylight to find out how to tighten it.

Owl Nebula, M 97, NGC 3587, ARO 25, PK 148+57.1, PN G148.4+57.0, VV 59, Current Location 52º 41′ N 001º 49′ W,52.68523374, -1.810645505, Despite a very bright moon which wiped out any view of the M108 galaxy, I was able to get a definite view of the Owl Nebula nearby to it. Boy was it faint with this bright moon nearby. I needed to use averted vision, nudging the eyepiece (where I touch the eyepiece to make it vibrate and this makes it easier to observe faint objects as they move in the field of view) and OIII filter to see it but see it I did – quite large once I found it.

Orion Nebula, M 42, NGC 1976, LBN 974, Current Location 52º 41′ N 001º 49′ W,52.68523374, -1.810645505, Back to M42 this time with OIII and UHC filters and 14mm ES. The difference between no filter and OIII is profound with much more nebulosity evident in the OIII than without a filter. I think the OIII does better than UHC filter bringing out more of wings of nebula but both clearly excellent filters on this object.

NGC 1975, Current Location 52º 41′ N 001º 49′ W,52.68523374, -1.810645505, These reflection nebulae just above the fish mouth of M42 were visible tonight using my OIII filter and slightly visible with UHC filter although the difference between the views in the two filters was quite significant. Not visible without filter with this bright moonlight.

IC 1805 (bright central region of the Heart Nebula), Current Location 52º 41′ N 001º 49′ W,52.68523374, -1.810645505, I thought I would have a go tonight at seeing if I could observe the Heart Nebula despite the bright moonlight. I was trying to find the Double Cluster in Perseus as a starting point for a star hop to the Heart Nebula. I had left the UHC filter screwed on to the end of the 14mm ES eyepiece. To my surprise I came across a definite patch of nebulosity. Looking at Sky Safari, I realised that I had wondered off my line to the Double Cluster accidently hit the Heart Nebula (its central bit at least)! I was able to confirm the find from the sky location and star pattern in the area compared to what Sky Safari said I would find there. I never did find the Double Cluster tonight…. The reason I have used the designation of the central patch of the nebula for this find tonight is that this central patch is particularly bright and is what I found. There did appear to be other nebulous patches nearby but those were far less bright, and I did not take time to try and identify them.

Bode’s Nebulae, M 81, NGC 3031, UGC 5318, PGC 28630, MCG 12-10-10, CGCG 333-7, IRAS 09514+6918, 2MASS 09553318+6903549, Current Location 52º 41′ N 001º 49′ W, 52.68523374, -1.810645505, My last two observations are M81 and M82. Both seen with this bright moon about 90 degrees to southeast high in sky. M81 much more visible than M82, with its bright core & clearly oval rather than circular with fainter periphery compared to the core. UHC and OIII filters gave a much worse view of this galaxy than without any filter. Visible with these filters by direct vision but quite faint compared to unfiltered view.

Bode’s Nebulae, Cigar Galaxy, Ursa Major A, M 82, NGC 3034, UGC 5322, PGC 28655, MCG 12-10-11, CGCG 333-8, Arp 337, IRAS 09517+6954, Current Location 52º 41′ N 001º 49′ W, 52.68523374, -1.810645505, M82 was much fainter than M81 tonight. I don’t normally seem to notice such a difference when I am observing M81 & M82, but the moon seems to emphasise it. I think it is the bright core of M81 that really stands out. Although filters did not help with the view tonight of M81 and M82, changing the eyepiece from the 14mm ES to the 6mm Ethos really helped. In the books, it says that increasing magnification can help boost contrast and that certainly worked tonight on these two objects. In fact, I found M82 tonight using the higher magnification eyepiece having had difficulty with the 14mm. I found M81 relatively easily with the 14mm.

22:30 – Closed up for the evening.


Purchase from Astrofest – Orion UK eyepiece tray

I have just installed a great £20 Accessory I purchased at European Astrofest 2019 – an aluminium eyepiece tray to compliment my aluminium Dobsonian mount base on my Orion UK 10″ Dobsonian telescope. Hitherto, I have been putting eyepieces on base below the scope with risk they fall off if I forget they are there and pick up mount to put it away at end of observing session. This new arrangement is much safer! I have drilled extra holes to install at front but there are also already holes available to install it both sides instead so I will see which I prefer in practice.


See also:

European Astrofest Day 1 – 8/2/2019

Astrofest 2019 Day 2 – 9/2/2019

Video from European Astrofest 8-9 February 2019

Astrofest 2019 Day 2 – 9/2/2019

See also:

European Astrofest Day 1 – 8/2/2019

Video from European Astrofest 8-9 February 2019

Day 2 – 9/2/2019:

Started today by docking the Soyuz onto the International Space Station. Last year I fluked a successful docking in the same simulator (I gave up in disgust when I could not get it to dock, got up and walked away to shouts of “You’ve done it!” – it drifted on to dock successfully when I let go of the controls!!) This year I buried that ghost, by successfully docking the aft hatch in both easy and hard modes and also successfully docking into one of the side hatches – not sure what changed the year to turn me into a mean docking machine….

I then did an interview on this new Rotarion automatic telescope turret – perhaps the most exciting innovation seen at thus year’s Astrofest.

Then Ed and I went into lecture theatre for the start of today’s series of 8 talks.

Stuart Clarke and Lucie Green, who are chairing the sessions today:

David Eicher started the lectures today with a talk on galaxies. Yesterday, when David presented with Brian May on Moon 3D, Brian did most of the talking,  so today’s talk was the first time I have properly heard David speak – and he was VERY good! Here is one of Edwin Hubble’s plates from his presentation. I think David said it was one of Hubble’s observations of M31:

The next talk was on the Hayabusa 2 mission. Another brilliant talk – clearly today was going to be something exceptional!

The following link is to the webpage for live webcam feed for landing of Hayabusa 2 on its asteroid at the end of the month.

After coffee, Paul Able and Allan Chapman will be giving talks. Can you imagine attending a better conference than this? Perhaps it is possible, but it would need to be some conference to be so!

Brian May and Andrew

And with Paul Abel from BBC’s Sky at Night:

Other highlights and photos:

I did not realise Mercury has x-ray aurorae – there is no atmosphere and the solar particles coming down magnetic field lines hit the surface which gives off x-ray.

Andy and Paul Money:

Ed showed Paul photos of the new Peter Bolas Observatory at Rosliston Forestry Centre.

Lucy Hawking speaking about her father, Stephen Hawking:

The final two lectures were on dark energy and the leader of the team investigating the Kuiper Belt object Ultima Thule with the New Horizons probe.

This has been another fantastic conference! Shame have to go home now.